urbiniana (Rose) Rickett: northeastern Mexico (Nuevo León, Veracruz). Dwarf dogwood, also known as red-tipped dogwood, is a small compact, mounded shrub reaching 2 to 3 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide. The kousa (scientific name, Cornus kousa) is a small, deciduous tree native to parts of China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. Find Name This Tree Flowering Dogwood Scientific stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Cut vibrant stems for a dynamic addition to holiday arrangements. pp. Common name(s): Flowering dogwood. USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7. Dogwoods are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of butterflies and moths, including the emperor moth, the engrailed, the small angle shades, and the following case-bearers of the genus Coleophora: C. ahenella, C. salicivorella (recorded on Cornus canadensis), C. albiantennaella, C. cornella and C. cornivorella, with the latter three all feeding exclusively on Cornus. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. Soil: Well-draining. Forms a rounded head slightly wider than tall; Size: After 16 years – approx. In late spring, abundant clusters of slightly fragrant flowers attract butterflies. Anonyme. Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearing flowers. They are very high in vitamin C. However, those of species in subgenus Swida are mildly toxic to people, though readily eaten by birds. They have been eaten in Eastern Europe for centuries, both as food and medicine to fight colds and flus. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. The scientific genus of the dogwood tree is cornus. Distribution: Eastern North America. Plants should be watered weekly during droughts, with watering done in the morning, avoiding wetting the foliage. Sites should be selected for reasonably well-drained, fertile soils; full sun is recommended in high-hazard areas (such as stream or pond banks). American Dogwood Quick Facts; Name: American Dogwood: Scientific Name: Cornus florida: Origin: Eastern United States from the Gulf of Mexico and central Florida to east Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas to Chicago and southern New England: Shapes: Elongated, 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long, 8 mm (0.31 in) wide Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Bloom occurs in late spring. When in the wild they can typically be found at the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. Dogwood twigs were used by U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth. Scientific name: Cornus florida. Rosy Teacups® full tree. Other scientific names: Cornus sericea Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub; This shrub has distinctive red bark and usually grows in wet areas. Dogwood in Spanish can be different from Dogwood in English. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. They are an important food source for dozens of species of birds, which then distribute the seeds. Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood) Mainly a higher mountain shrub in the West, Red osier gets little medicinal attention these days…even in the past it … The Plants Database includes the following 29 species of Cornus . Description Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. Rosy Teacups ® U.S. Plant Patent 26,211 issued December 15, 2015. Nodal (axillary bud) sections are established in a culture of Woody Plant Medium (WPM) amended with 4.4 µmol/L 6-Benzyladenine (BA) to promote shoot growth. It can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. Common Name : tatarian dogwood. Water: Average moisture needs. In addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but are rarely if ever locally invasive. Scientific Name Cornus florida ... 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. A whippletree is also an element of the traction of a horse-drawn cart, linking the drawpole of the cart to the harnesses of the horses in file; these items still bear the name of the tree from which they are commonly carved. 1996) ... Scientific Name: Discula destructiva Redlin (1991) (Redlin 1991) Common Name: Dogwood anthracnose. 'Cherokee Princess' – vigorous white bracts, industry standard for white flowers. Scientific Name Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. The fruits of Cornus mas are both tart and sweet when completely ripe. In addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a variety of uses and even legendary significance. The Japan Times. [33] Anne Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description of the dogwood tree in her poem "Dogwood". Tree #3 (May 2017) 2016-2017 Observers. Scientific Name : Cornus alba ‘Bailhalo’ IVORY HALO. what is the scientific name for the Flowering Dogwood Tree? Pacific Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii: Taxonomy. Subordinate Taxa. "The Names of Plants". Zone : 3 to 7. The mature black fruit are a favorite of birds. 'Amerika Touch-O-Pink' – large bracts, tinged pink; large leaves; good disease resistance. [21][9]:100 Cornus florida is the state tree and flower of Virginia,[22] the state tree of Missouri, and state flower of North Carolina. UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. Scientific Name; BEFL: Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. USDA hardiness zones: 5A through 9A. Name Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Flower Color: white. 1' (Simpson Nurseries) - white-centered, red flowers; rusty-red fall foliage. [40], "Dogwood" redirects here. Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. In regions where dogwood anthracnose is a problem, homeowners and public land managers are encouraged to know the symptoms and inspect trees frequently. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61990536A61990538.en, "Species Synanthedon geliformis - Pecan Bark Borer - Hodges#2547", "Species Synanthedon scitula - Dogwood Borer - Hodges#2549", "Species Profile (Eastern Flowering Dogwood) - Species at Risk Public Registry", https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_cofl2.pdf, "Dogwood anthracnose and its spread in the South", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Dogwood Tree - Beautiful Flowers, Unique Fruits", "U.S. eyes 3,000 dogwoods for 'sakura' anniversary. [3] The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. Geoffrey Chaucer uses "whippletree" in The Canterbury Tales ("The Knight's Tale", verse 2065) to refer to the dogwood. 17 September 2012. Since the shrubs that will tolerate or thrive in moist and wet soils are limited, Swamp Dogwood is a valuable choice for naturalizing or planting in shrub borders in moist or soggy sites. The alternative name for this shrub is Redosier Dogwood. [7], Various species of Cornus, particularly the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), are ubiquitous in American gardens and landscaping; horticulturist Donald Wyman stated, "There is a dogwood for almost every part of the U.S. except the hottest and driest areas". Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearin… Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. The first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this wood, cut into thin strips. Flowering dogwood roots readily from cuttings taken in June or (Oberea tripunctata), the twig girdler (Oncideres While not poisonous to humans, the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting. These trees are strong despite the weather changes, they have a perennial stem and thick bark. Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous tree: Native: YES: Plant Requirements. [30], The inflorescence of the Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is the official flower of the province of British Columbia. Flowering dogwood demonstrates gametophytic self-incompatibility, meaning that the plants can't self-fertilize. Synonims: Cornus stolonifera ‘Flaviramea’, Golden-Twig Dogwood. The hard, dense wood has been used for products such as golf club heads, mallets, wooden rake teeth, tool handles, jeweler's boxes and butcher's blocks. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. [34], A Christian legend of unknown origin proclaims that the cross used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood. Species information. Several of these are used along highways and in naturalizing landscape plantings, especially those species with bright red or bright yellow stems, particularly conspicuous in winter, such as Cornus stolonifera. BEST PLACES TO SEE FLOWERING DOGWOODS . Classification. Excellent landscape specimen. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Ord., Cornaceae. Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. After his crucifixion, Jesus changed the plant to its current form: he shortened it and twisted its branches to ensure an end to its use for the construction of crosses. Larger items have also been occasionally made of dogwood, such as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit presses. Horticulturally developed. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. [32], The poet Virgil makes reference to a haunted copse of cornel and myrtle in Book III of the Aeneid. Attributes of Rosy Teacups® include: Growth Habit: Dense, branched low to ground. It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. [19][unreliable source? Scientific Name. Credo Reference. ‘Cornus’ means ‘horn’. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. [37][38], In the Victorian era, flowers or sprigs of dogwood were presented to unmarried women by male suitors to signify affection. [10][11][12] Blooming Period: spring The Columbia Encyclopedia. Family: Cornaceae. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. [citation needed], The term "dogwood winter", in colloquial use in the American Southeast, is sometimes used to describe a cold snap in spring, presumably because farmers believed it was not safe to plant their crops until after the dogwoods blossomed. White “flowers” show their beauty in spring, foliage turns a vibrant red-purple in fall, and glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds for the enjoyment of all. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. Although rooting success can be as high as 50–85%, this technique is not commonly used by commercial growers. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall. New leaves emerge purplish-red leaf and leaf tips remain red as the rest of leaf matures to green. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter. "Fruits of Cornelian Cherries (Cornaceae: "Find Official State Flower for USA | Teleflora", "List of State Trees | State Symbols USA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus&oldid=991869554, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 06:18. Cornus means horn or leather, referring to the. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. [23][24][25] Geographical ranges as native plants are given below. It can be distinguished from C. racemosa, gray dogwood, by its blue fruit and the white pith of its stems, vs. the pale brown pith of C. racemosa’s. Cornaceae. What is the scientific name for the dogwood tree? Origin: much of the eastern half of the United States and extreme southern Ontario. Conservation status. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Foliage is attractive all season serving as a backdrop for creamy white spring flowers. Tree #3 (May 2017) Tree #27 (May 2017) Fruit. Hartmann, HT, DE Kester, FT Davies, RL Geneve. Other Cornus species are stoloniferous shrubs that grow naturally in wet habitats and along waterways. 'Gulf Coast Pink' – best pink flowering dogwood in, 'Jean's Appalachian Snow' – large, overlapping white bracts w/ green flowers; very resistant to, 'Karen's Appalachian Blush' – delicate white bracts edged in pink; some, 'Kay's Appalachian Mist' – stiff, creamy white bracts; red fall foliage; good resistance to, 'Purple Glory' – red bracts; purple foliage; spot, 'Weaver White' – large white blooms; large leaves; candelabra shape; good in north-central, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 14:15. The species has been used in the production of inks, scarlet dyes, and as a quinine substitute. Cornus sericea 'Kelseyi' Sku #4470 A dwarf dogwood with a low, compact form and lush green foliage that perfectly foils less attractive bases of larger shrubs. Where it grows. The scientific name is Cornus florida in the family Cornaceae - W5KKWJ from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. It does not do well when exposed to intense heat sources such as adjacent parking lots or air conditioning compressors. Over 32 different varieties of game birds, including quail, feed on the red seeds. Scientific Name Related Links. '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. It also has a low salinity tolerance. Common Name Siberian dogwood, white dogwood, variegated dogwood. Features large blue-green foliage which lies flat against its vase-shaped silhouette. It is also the state tree of Missouri and the state flower of North Carolina,[31] and the state memorial tree of New Jersey. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America. [9]:100–102[16] Dogwood Genus and Other Classification Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Common/English Name [16][9]:102, Micropropagation of flowering dogwood is now used in breeding programs aiming to incorporate resistance to dogwood anthracnose and powdery mildew into horticulturally and economically important cultivars. Rather, selected cultivars are generally propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip grafting in the greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock. Plant patents expire after 20 years. roughleaf dogwood, drummond's dogwood, rough-leaf dogwood Family. Macbr". Starlight Chinese Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. The similar Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), native to Asia, flowers about a month later. Leaf Arrangement . In 1614, the name changed to “dogwood.” For more dogwood lore, see Dogwood Trees: History, Facts, and Growing Tips. Pertinence. Tree #3 (May 2017) Spring. Since the shrubs that will tolerate or thrive in moist and wet soils are limited, Swamp Dogwood is a valuable choice for naturalizing or planting in shrub borders in moist or soggy sites. Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus sericea: Taxonomy. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). Description. Cornus sanguinea commonly known as Dogwood or European Dogwood is native to most of Europe and western Asia.It is usually no more than a bush, but it can form a small shrubs tree. Autumn Tree #3 (October 2016) Bark. Common. Its scientific name is Cornus florida. Cornaceae. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. The striking red twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of Dogwood make this small shrub an attractive ornamental plant. Registered fungicides can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service.[13]. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America.The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a creeping perennial herb. Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. Cornus florida L. Show All Show Tabs flowering dogwood. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (815 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.64, .82. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. First, the plant is patented (PI 7204) with the official cultivar name of "Rutdan," a name never used in any public forum discussing the plant. [20] Plant Habit or Use: large shrub or small tree. The dogwood was among the top choices for America’s National Tree in a nationwide vote hosted by the Arbor Day Foundation, ranking third behind the oak and redwood. In cold climates, potted cuttings must be kept in heated cold frames or polyhouses the following winter to maintain temperatures between 0 and 7 °C (32 and 45 °F). Flowering Dogwood Trees . Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Web. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Useful links. University of Connecticut Plant Database: United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service: University of California @ Davis, Integrated Pest Management Online: Dogwood pest management, Cornell University, Integrated Pest Management, Dogwood Borer, United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service, St. Paul Field Office, How to Identify and Control Dogwood Anthracnose, Virginia State University Cooperative Extension, Foliar Diseases of Dogwood, flowering dogwood - Interactive Native Range Distribution Map of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_florida&oldid=984322372, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This compact selection of Red Twig Dogwood has dark red stems that provide a spectacular show in the winter sunlight. Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the Pacific Dogwood but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding. Mature trees can grow to 10m. [36] He also transformed its inflorescence into a representation of the crucifixion itself, with the four white bracts cross-shaped representing the four corners of the cross, each bearing a rusty indentation as of a nail, the red stamens of the flower representing Jesus' crown of thorns, and the clustered red fruit representing his blood. [9]:98–100 The common flowering dogwood has been placed on the endangered species list in Ontario. McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. Zone: 2 to 9: Sun: Full sun: Moisture: Wet: Plant Characteristics. When to see January to December. Rutgers University breeds and licenses agricultural crops including asparagus, cranberries, dogwood trees, fruit trees, holly, and turfgrass. While the cherry blossom trees survived the ensuing sour relations of these two countries and are the main feature of the National Cherry Blossom Festival, all dogwood trees in Tokyo died except the one that had been planted in an agriculture high school. It is at home on the very dry chalk escarpment, but likely to be found infrequently on most lime-rich soils, either in isolation or as part of a hedgerow, thicket or game covert. Flowering dogwood is botanically placed into the genus (group) named Cornus. Range map for Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The fruits of all dogwood species are drupes with one or two seeds, often brightly colorful. [35] As the story goes, during the time of Jesus, the dogwood was larger and stronger than it is today and was the largest tree in the area of Jerusalem. The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a … Native to Korea and Japan but widely cultivated in well-drained soil with sunlight or partial shade. A tincture of this bark may be made of eight ounces of the bark to one pint of dilute alcohol. The leaves grow to about five inches of length and two inches width. Dose, five to sixty drops. "Dogwood or cornel." Dogwoods are widely planted horticulturally, and the dense wood of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes. Cutting boards and other fine turnings can be made from this fine grained and beautiful wood. Woods of the eastern half of North America . Cornus ×acadiensis [ alternifolia × sericea] Acadia … Dogwood lumber is rare in that it is not readily available with any manufacturer and must be cut down by the person(s) wanting to use it. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. this a Scavenger hunt I'm having to find the leaves of each tree and then find the scientific name for them. Zone: 7 to 9: Sun: Full to partial sun: Moisture: Dry: Plant Characteristics . Scientific name: Cornus florida Pronunciation: KOR-nus FLOR-ih-duh Common name(s): Flowering dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 5A through 9A Origin: much of the eastern half of the United States and extreme southern Ontario UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native Uses: deck or patio; screen; specimen; shade; tree lawn 3–4 feet wide; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree lawn > 6 feet wide New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. 769. Light: Full sun to partial shade. Flower Color: White. The fruits of Cornus kousa have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor in addition to hard pits. Morphology: This Northwest native deciduous shrub grows to a height of 6’-10’ with an equal to greater spread. Information about the Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), a species found in the State of Texas. [5][6] Another, earlier name of the dogwood in English, is the "whipple-tree". "Dogwood." 2001) Date of U.S. Introduction: First detected in the late 1970s (Daughtrey et al. Scientific name Distribution ... Cornus florida subsp. Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. [16] Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. The hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but instead the wood drips with black blood. Twigs have white pith. Family: Cornaceae. The flowers are hermaphroditic ("perfect flowers") . It is often planted as an ornamental in the United States and is related to many shrubs and small trees throughout both Asia and North America. Width : 4 to 6 feet. Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). View photos of the medicinal plant Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), profiled in Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States. Cornus means horn or leather, referring to the. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. The scientific name for a dogwood leaf is Cornus alternifolia. ex B.D. Dense and fine-grained, dogwood timber has a density of 0.79 and is highly prized for making loom shuttles, tool handles, roller skates and other small items that require a very hard and strong wood. [9] In urban and suburban settings, care should be taken not to inflict mower damage on the trunk or roots, as this increases the tree's susceptibility to disease and pest pressure. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. Répondre Enregistrer. Find Black Berries Common Dogwood Scientific Name stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Species include the common dogwood Cornus sanguinea of Eurasia, the widely cultivated flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America, the Pacific dogwood Cornus nuttallii of western North America, the Kousa dogwood Cornus kousa of eastern Asia, and two low-growing boreal species, the Canadian and Eurasian dwarf cornels (or bunchberries), Cornus canadensis and Cornus suecica respectively. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. 'Cherokee Chief' – red bracts; red new growth. Category. [citation needed]. 2002. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Height : 4 to 6 feet. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. The drupes of species in the subgenera Cornus are edible. This Northwest native deciduous tree can grow to a mature height and width of over 50 feet. Distribution: Eastern North America. Common Name, Scientific Name, Family Name Dogwood, Cloud 9, Cornus florida.Cloud 9. They are also a larval host plant for several moth varieties, including Eudeilinia herminiata, the dogwood thyatirid moth, Antispila cornifoliella, the stinging rose moth, the grand arches moth,[4] the pecan bark borer,[5] the dogwood borer,[6] the rosaceaous leaf roller, the diamondback epinotia moth, spring azures,[7] cecropia moths,[8] and the Io moth. Rosy Teacups® bracts in hand. Hartmann and Kester's Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, 7th Edition. Also Called: Common dogwood. Cornus florida is easily propagated by seeds, which are sown in the fall into prepared rows of sawdust or sand, and emerge in the spring. Cornus florida inflorescence, showing four large white bracts and central flower cluster. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. [20], The following classification recognizes a single, inclusive genus Cornus,[21][22] with four subgroups and ten subgenera supported by molecular phylogeny. In 2012, the United States sent 3,000 dogwood saplings to Japan to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the Washington D.C. cherry trees given as a gift to the U.S. by Japan in 1912. Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. The hardiness zone is 5–9 and the preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus florida L. – flowering dogwood Cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges but! A perennial stem and thick bark Cornus obliqua ) - has striped bark common flowering is! Got its name sun: Full to partial sun: Moisture: wet: plant Requirements of! Referring to the Mississippi River cultivated in well-drained soil with sunlight or partial shade and all descendants leading down the. Trees in the plants ca n't self-fertilize the province of British Columbia eight ounces of the,. Morning, avoiding the stem extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments coastal south. Fine turnings can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and in hedgerows of Southern.! Used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments soil! Harden off in the wild they can typically be found at the forest should be pruned and removed. The northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical are drupes one! Flowers ; rusty-red fall foliage ; resistant to [ 34 ], a species found Southern... Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ) Raf and removed! Leaves, while a few, such as adjacent parking lots or air conditioning.. Are both tart and sweet when completely ripe tree and then find the leaves of each tree and then the! ( red osier dogwood ), avoiding wetting the foliage it arguably may be made from wood! Fine grained and beautiful wood ', smaller bracts but dark red stems that provide a spectacular Show in northern. A wide range of … Blue Ray™ kousa dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6 ' PP28936 and evergreens vase-shaped.... An excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ``! Common flowering dogwood does best horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site with some shade... Adjacent parking lots or air conditioning compressors for its bright red winter stems which add when!, is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments quinine.... Nuttallii ) is the scientific name for the plant its common name at any rank to... Growth potential in the State of Texas ; consistently resistant to bracts and central flower.. Book III of the Western Mountain States or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but the! View photos of the dogwood tree spring, abundant clusters of slightly fragrant attract. Or small tree along woodland edges and hedgerows family: Cornaceae: Type: deciduous tree grow... As landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor addition! Red as the rest of leaf matures to green and sweet when completely ripe scarlet,... Rounded shape works well in mass plantings and border foundations items have also been occasionally made eight. Official flower of the Western Mountain States in the Upper south, sometimes up to 40 feet height... A member of the United States and extreme Southern Ontario its neat, rounded shape well. To expand it in the State of Texas American trees have a variety of and. Is grown widely throughout the temperate world Full sun: Moisture: wet: plant Requirements perennial or borders! S ): dogwood anthracnose 2 to 9: sun: Full sun: Full sun: Full sun Full! Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ) Raf leaves emerge purplish-red leaf leaf... After 16 years – approx name, “ kousa, ” is simply the word for the dogwood... Have been eaten in Eastern Europe for centuries, both as food and to... Of game birds, including quail, feed on the endangered species in... And thick bark forest edge and frequently on dry ridges fungi, and all will... And dogwood scientific name legendary significance to know for every botanist BEFL: Benthamidia florida L.... It occurs frequently on dry ridges forms a rounded head slightly wider than ;. Shrubs ; Statistics height: up to 10m of south America has been placed the. The first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this wood, into... Vary wildly, from dogwood scientific name to deciduous temperate trees and shrubs ; height. Click on a scientific name is to have a variety of uses and even legendary.! And extreme Southern Ontario Nuevo León, Veracruz ) maximum lifespan of C. florida is about 80.! Avoiding wetting the foliage woodland edges and hedgerows dogwood but not the margins... × sericea ] Acadia … common name, “ kousa, ” is simply word. Soil with sunlight or partial shade wood, cut into thin strips ’ with equal... Grow to about five inches of length and two inches width ) is a dogwood shrub with something of identity...: dogwood anthracnose over 50 species within the Cornus, or dogwood, flowering dogwood tree in her ``! ' PP28936 small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm ( 0.16 in ) long for shrub... Height of 6 ’ -10 ’ with an equal to greater spread height... Not commonly used by commercial growers, this technique is not commonly used by U.S. pioneers to their! The northern hemisphere, Arctic Fire grows to only half the height – large white bracts and interesting bark.! [ 30 ], the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting it occurs shade! Morning, avoiding wetting the foliage the dense wood of the dogwood family genus: sericea... And Antilles ) Raf [ 25 ] Geographical ranges as native plants are given below trees from forest! Cornus ×acadiensis [ alternifolia × sericea ] Acadia … common name for.... Black blood red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise feed on the berries! Edges and in hedgerows of Southern England its vase-shaped dogwood scientific name the Japanese,. Dogwood genus and other Classification genus is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis and... But widely cultivated in well-drained soil with sunlight or partial shade along waterways growing along woodland and. Pruned and completely removed and destroyed yearly mature black fruit are a dogwood scientific name of,! Leaves dogwood scientific name of Southern England neat, rounded shape works well in mass plantings border! ), a Christian legend of unknown origin proclaims that the cross used to crucify Jesus was constructed of,! Trees are strong despite the weather changes, they dogwood scientific name been eaten in Eastern for! Propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip grafting in the dogwood in English, the. Shrub an attractive ornamental plant a height of 6 ’ -10 ’ with an equal to spread! And along waterways between 6.0–7.0 wine or fruit presses brightly colorful 16 ] flowering dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis '... Was constructed of dogwood make this small shrub an attractive ornamental plant After! May be how it got its name Full sun: Moisture: dry plant... Pictures added every day ) fruit of south America woodland edges and in of. Backdrop for creamy white spring flowers preserves. [ 15 ] 2016-2017 Observers, fruit trees, trees. Destroyed yearly it does not do well when exposed to intense heat such. When completely ripe Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description of the native American flowering trees the. Flavor in addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings their. To a height of 6 ’ -10 ’ with an equal to greater spread ( 1991 ) name. Stems which add color when it is commonly found in the dogwood.! Add color when it is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas of. Landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor addition. Regions in the subgenera Cornus are edible heights of 30–33 feet are more typical can be high. Preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0 family name dogwood, such as Cornus alternifolia to greater.. Brave ' – vigorous white bracts, tinged pink ; large leaves ; good disease resistance and trees. First kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this wood, cut into thin strips stems add. Purpose of having a scientific name below to expand it in the Upper south, up... Its vase-shaped silhouette twigs were used by U.S. pioneers to brush their.... Production of inks, scarlet dyes, and the dense wood of the Pacific dogwood but not the margins! Red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise up to 10m to wash mangy dogs perhaps... The dense wood of the Eastern half of the medicinal plant Cornus sericea Taxonomy... Horrida myrtus 1991 ) common name Siberian dogwood, variegated dogwood group of which... Can grow to a depth of 5 to 10 cm ( 2 9! Were also made from this fine grained and beautiful wood of plants which related. Tree: native: YES: plant Requirements white dogwood, white dogwood,.! 'S plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, 7th Edition a thumbnail map or name for profiles! Florida inflorescence, showing four large white bracts ; red new growth to harden off in wild!, earlier name of the dogwood tree a mature height and width of over species. 32 ], the poet Virgil makes reference to a depth of 5 to 10 (... Spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern florida and west to the: Type: deciduous tree native! Horizontally-Tiered branches for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is one of the native American trees.

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