Zeus decides to kill Patroclus for slaying Sarpedon, but first he lets him rout the Trojans. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In the ensuing chaos, Apollo wounds Patroclus, and Hector is quick to finish him off, driving a spear through his belly. Polydamas has offered Hector wise counsel throughout the Iliad. Much later they are reunited on the island of Leuke, also in the company of Ajax the Lesser, Telamonian Ajax, Antilochus, Cassandra, and Helen. It reveals the futility of mortals endeavoring to go against the gods, and the price of reckless behavior. Iliad drama and history led up to the moment of his death and the vengeance it brought about. However, when Patroclus goes to battle, he drives the Trojans back to Troy, where after the interference of a Greek god on the side of the Trojans, he is eventually killed by Hector. In the early part of the Iliad, Achilles has a dispute with Agamemnon (commander in chief of the Greek army) and refuses to continue fighting. Hector then killed Patroclus by stabbing him in the stomach with a spear. Beginning the epic as a proud, impulsive, and self-centered man, Achilles finally gains sympathy when Priam comes to him to negotiate the return of Hector’s body. The armor and shield are described with great length in the poem, contrasting the ugliness of war with the beauty of art and of the greater world in which it takes place. Patroclus was somewhat older than Achilles (Iliad XI, 780-790). Meriones kills a Trojan, priest of Zeus of Mt. Synonyms for Patroclus in Free Thesaurus. The death of Patroclus saw Achilles rejoin the war, but after the death of Hector and Memnon, Achilles himself was killed; and the ashes of Achilles were mixed with those of Patroclus in the same golden urn. Unfortunately for Hector, the gods are playing tricks again. Although the Iliad concludes before the final fall of Troy and the death of Achilles, its anticlimactic ending is appropriate. Now Patroclus and Hector are both laid to rest. Instead of going out to lead the soldiers himself, he allowed Patroclus to go in his place, wearing his armor, and pay the ultimate price. As he prepares, Agamemnon comes to him and reconciles their disagreement. Find answers for Rise of Kingdoms on AppGamer.com While still a boy, Patroclus killed his friend, Clysonymus, during an argument. Hector then killed Patroclus by stabbing him in the stomach with a spear. His refusal left the Greeks to fight on their own. Recklessness and arrogance are recurring themes throughout the epic. Patroclus, a young comrade of Achilles, travels to Troy to help the Greeks win Helen back from the clutches of the Trojan Paris. Knowing that Achilles’ rage will bring down the Trojans if unchecked, Zeus lifts his decree against divine intervention in the battle, allowing the gods to interfere if they wish. In truth, the war was won because of Patroclus death. Hector returns briefly to the front in an attempt to retrieve the armor. Fighting in Troy would only lead to his demise. The delay will give her time to have the divine blacksmith create him armor to replace that stolen and worn by Hector. He acted as a mentor and protector, as the older and wiser of the boys. Finally, Zeus and Apollo intervene, sending Thetis to convince Achilles to accept a ransom for the body. Ledbetter connects the way that Achilles and his mother Thetis communicate to the communication between Achilles and Patroclus. Patroclus’ determination and bravery in his battling has earned him enemies among the Trojans. Who is Responsible for Patroclus’ death in the Iliad? Achilles continues to abuse Hector’s body, dragging it behind his chariot around Patroclus’ tomb, for an additional twelve days. Hera intervenes, setting the plains on fire and boiling the river until the god relents. I snatched Achilles’ medallion that was hanging onto his body, and destroyed it, smashing it to pieces. [22] While Homer's Iliad never explicitly stated that Achilles and Patroclus were lovers, this concept was propounded by some later authors. [8] Homer also references Menoetius as the individual who gave Patroclus to Peleus. Nevertheless, their relationship is said to have inspired Alexander the Great in his own close relationship with his life-long companion Hephaestion. Patroclus then charged the wall of Troy, and tried to climb it 3 times, failing each time. Let it fall where it may. See the Director's Cut version under "video responses." Patroclus was a close comrade of Achilles and died in the Trojan War. Much of the slaughter and misery could have been prevented if those involved had listened to cooler heads and allowed wisdom and peace to prevail, but it was not to be. During this time, Peleus made Patroclus one of Achilles' "henchmen". He is defying Achilles’ order to only drive the Trojans away from the ships. When Achilles refused to fight, Patroclus puts on Achilles armor, fights the Trojans, and dies. The captured slave, Briseis is returned to Achilles, and their quarrel is laid aside. Achilles returns, still pursuing his ultimate goal. Achilles, furious and grieving his loss, returns to the battle. Hector begs, with his dying words, that his body should be returned to his people, but Achilles refuses. With the death of Patroclus, his mind is made up. [a][13], According to the Iliad, when the tide of the Trojan War had turned against the Greeks and the Trojans were threatening their ships, Patroclus convinced Achilles to let him lead the Myrmidons into combat. Who is Patroclus killed by? Patroclus is killed in the bloody fighting by the Trojan prince Hector, who mistakes him … Achilles knows every weak point of the stolen armor, and uses that knowledge to his advantage, stabbing Hector through the throat. Aeneas misses Meriones. She urges him to wait a single day to exact his revenge against Hector. He has always known that only death awaited him in Troy. Patroclus: 1 n (Greek mythology) a friend of Achilles who was killed in the Trojan War; his death led Achilles to return to the fight after his quarrel with Agamemnon Example of: mythical being an imaginary being of myth or fable Ashamed of the defeat that his overconfidence has brought, Hector refuses to retreat into the City with the others. Zeus determined Patroclus would fall to Hector after Patroclus killed his own son on the battlefield. Patroclus is revenged and Achilles will allow his body, finally, to be cremated so that his friend can be at peace. [3] However, this pronunciation is seldom encountered: for metrical convenience, Alexander Pope had made the 'o' long, and thus stressed, in his translation of Homer, following a convention of Greek and Latin verse, and that pronunciation – of Latin pa.trō′.clus – has stuck, for English /pəˈtroʊ.kləs/. He begs permission to borrow Achilles’ armor and go out against the Trojans in hopes of buying the soldiers some space. was one of the most poignant and powerful scenes in the Iliad. Achilles mocks him for crying, comparing him to a child “clinging to its mother’s skirts.” Patroclus informs him that he’s grieving for the Greek soldiers and their losses. [18] Morales and Mariscal state "there is a polemical tradition concerning the nature of the relationship between the two heroes". The god orchestrated the events that brought Patroclus within range of Hector’s spear. Achilles earned himself a brief life that will end in battle with his intemperate ways. [14](pp353 b. Thetis finds Achilles lamenting the death of Patroclus, furious and grieving. [23][27], Achilles was younger than Patroclus. Although Hector drove the spear home, it can be argued that Zeus, Achilles, or even Patroclus himself, was ultimately responsible for his death. Even though Patroclus was considered a step above a servant, tending menial chores, he was a mentor to Achilles. Patroclus, “Menoetius’ valiant son,” (Iliad 11.887) was born in Opus to its king Menoetius. Whatever the relationship between the two was, it is very clear that they depended upon and trusted one another. Was it truly the fault of either of these, that Patroclus died? Although Hector drove the spear home, it can be argued that Zeus, Achilles, or even Patroclus himself, was ultimately responsible for his death. Patroclus succeeds in beating back the Trojan forces, but is killed in battle by Hector. When he was young, Patroclus had an argument with one of his friends, Clysonymus, while playing dice; in the heated argument that followed, Patroclus accidentally killed him. James Hooker describes the literary reasons for Patroclus' character within the Iliad. Patroclus led the Greek army in their assault of the Trojan army. [10] Menoetius was the son of Actor,[11] king of Opus in Locris by Aegina, daughter of Asopus. In the play Achilles, who has become lazy, is besotted with Patroclus. He pursues the Trojans, and Hector in particular with a vengeance. The Trojans kill one of the Myrmidons, which enrages Patroclus. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. [19] However, as Patroclus is explicitly stated to be the elder of the two characters,[20] this is not evidence of their ages or social relation to each other. When Achilles felt dishonored by Agamemnon, he vowed not to rejoin the war until his own ships were threatened. Achilles is the strongest, more virile of men—the son of a nymph and a mortal man, Achilles was prophesized at birth to either die an unimportant old man, or to die a … Hooker reminds us that it is Patroclus who pushes the Trojans back, which Hooker claims makes Patroclus a hero, as well as foreshadowing what Achilles is to do. He has been tricked. The exact relationship between the two men is a matter of some dispute. In Greek mythology, as recorded in Homer's Iliad,[1] Patroclus (pronunciation variable but generally /pəˈtroʊkləs/; Ancient Greek: Πάτροκλος Pátroklos "glory of the father") was a close wartime companion of Achilles. Achilles realizes that he has doomed his father Peleus to suffer the same fate as Priam. [30](p 112) Dowden also notes the common occurrence of such relationships as a form of initiation. We were given to Achilles as a gift from his father Peleus.I am going to tell you of the sad, sad day when Patroclus was killed. Thetis assures Achilles that she will watch over Patroclus’s body and keep it preserved and safe until his return. In a post-Homeric version, he is listed a… Patroclus was crying, and his tears ran down his face like water runs down the face of a rock. While his goal is to rout the Trojans, he now carries into battle a personal vendetta. Zeus then imbues Hector with a temporary cowardice, and Hector leads the retreat. With the Greek forces on the verge of absolute destruction, Patroclus leads the Myrmidons into battle, wearing Achilles' armour, though Achilles remains at his camp. According to his theory, this affection allows for the even deeper tragedy that occurs. Early on, he pointed out that Paris’ pride and recklessness caused the war to begin with, and recommends that Helen simply be returned to the Greeks. Achilles saw him coming, and he saw his tears. He is hot headed and passionate, often callous and impulsive. Throughout the epic, Achilles makes little progress as a character or as a man. He is determined to continue battling and win glory for himself and Troy. Patroclus acted as a male role model for Achilles, as he was both older than Achilles and wise regarding counsel. noun patroclus Classical Mythology. The gods are playing each of the sides against the other. It is this sympathy and recognition of another’s grief that convinces him to release the body of his friend’s murderer. a friend of Achilles, who was slain by Hector at Troy. The Trojans were pressing hard, and came to the ships, when Patroclus came to Achilles weeping. Noun patroclus has 1 sense. His father fled with Patroclus into exile to evade revenge, and they took shelter at the palace of their kinsman King Peleus of Phthia. In Greek mythology, as recorded in Homer's Iliad, Patroclus (/pəˈtroʊkləs, pəˈtrɒkləs/; Ancient Greek: Πάτροκλος Pátroklos, "glory of the father") was the son of Menoetius, grandson of Actor, King of Opus. Mortal men often show these failings, while being conspired against by the gods, fate, and something Homer refers to often as “ruin.”. In the end, Achilles changes from one who is driven by selfish rage, to someone who has discovered his own personal honor. Flip the coin, play the game. [21] Hooker describes the necessity of Patroclus sharing a deep affection with Achilles within the Iliad. To deflect consequences of his crime and give him a chance to begin again elsewhere, his father Menoetius sent him to Achilles’ father, Peleus. 1; noun patroclus a friend of Achilles, killed in the Trojan War by Hector. Enraged by the death of his friend, Achilles reconciled with Agamemnon and joined the other Greeks in fighting against the Trojans in order to pursue Hector. The false Deiphobus is actually Athena in guise. Had he stopped attacking, as he promised Achilles he would, after the ships were rescued, he might have survived. Menoetius gave Patroclus to Peleus, Achilles' father, who named Patroclus Achilles' "squire" as Patroclus and Achilles grew up together. During his childhood, Patroclus had killed another child in anger over a game. The Iliad, like most Greek epics, display the foolishness of glory-hunting and seeking violence over wisdom and strategy. They choose, as a body , to instead take up places on the mountains lining the battlefield, to see how the mortals fare on their own. Zeus has determined that Troy will fall, but not before the Greeks take heavy losses. He would have been wiser to accept Polydamas’ advice. Drawing, 1770. 16 l. 460) While fighting, Patroclus' wits were removed by Apollo, after which Patroclus was hit with the spear of Euphorbos. 16 l. 64–87) Patroclus defied Achilles' order and pursued the Trojans back to the gates of Troy. It is time for Achilles to face his fate. The fall and death are fated, and will come to be, but the change in Achilles following Patroclus’ death was less easy to predict. [4] For Patroclus’s sake alone, he might have made better choices. The earlier steadfast and unbreakable Achilles agonizes, touching Patroclus’ dead body, smearing himself with ash and fasting. Achilles consented, giving Patroclus the armor Achilles had received from his father, in order for Patroclus to impersonate Achilles. Patroclus was the most trusted and loyal of Achilles’ men. He attaches the unfortunate Trojan to the back of his chariot and drags the body triumphantly through the dirt. Thetis brings him the newly-forged armor. Achilles agrees, though he does go out to the battle field, showing himself long enough to terrify the Trojans still battling over Patroclus’ body to flee. In the new household, Patroclus was named Achilles’ squire. He said gently to his best friend, “Why are you crying, Patroclus? [15] Patroclus killed many Trojans and Trojan allies, including a son of Zeus, Sarpedon. patroclus (n = noun.person) - (Greek mythology) a friend of Achilles who was killed in the Trojan War; his death led Achilles to return to the fight after his quarrel with Agamemnon; is a kind of mythical being His father fled with Patroclus into exile to evade revenge, and they took shelter at the palace of their kinsman King Peleus of Phthia. Priam mentions Peleus, Achilles’ own father. To evade the wrath of Clysonymus' family, Menoetius took Patroclus and they both fled to Phthia, where King Peleus reigned. Achilles is reluctantly convinced, and allows the Trojans to retrieve Hector’s corpse and return it for a proper funeral and burial. There are at least three pronunciations of the name 'Patroclus' in English. [23][24][b] Aeschines asserts that there was no need to explicitly state the relationship as a romantic one,[24] for such "is manifest to such of his hearers as are educated men. First off, some information on Patroclus: he and Achilles were raised together and were great friends, seeing each other as brothers. Patroclus fought bravely, but fell a short while later. Patroclus and Acilles are cremated together on a funeral pyre after Achilles is killed by Apollo and Paris in the sack of Troy. Following the death of Patroclus, Achilles steps out onto the battlefield, ready to take revenge on the one who took Patroclus from him. He states that another character could have filled the role of confidant for Achilles, and that it was only through Patroclus that we have a worthy reason for Achilles' wrath. Sarpedon falls under his blade, enraging Zeus. [2] Ida. Patroclus 1 killed the Lycians Amphoterus 2, Epaltes, Erymas 2, Evippus 2, Ipheus, Echius 2, Pyris, Polymelus 1, son of Argeas, and Tlepolemus 2, son of Damastor 1.He also killed King Sarpedon 1 of Lycia, whom Zeus had granted life for three generations, and Thrasymelus, squire of Sarpedon 1.. Cebriones. [26] However, Xenophon, in his Symposium, had Socrates argue that it was inaccurate to label their relationship as romantic. [16] Achilles did not allow the burial of Patroclus' body until the ghost of Patroclus appeared and demanded his burial in order to pass into Hades. Zeus determined Patroclus would fall to Hector after Patroclus killed his own son on the battlefield. With his dying words, Patroclus foretells Hector’s own impending doom. He begins slaughtering the Trojans, undeterred even by interference by the gods. [12] Patroclus acted as a male role model for Achilles, as he was both older than Achilles and wise regarding counsel. His quarrel with Agamemnon over the captured slave Briseus led him to sulk and refuse to join the fighting. Encouraged, Patroclus pursues. From the opening of the Iliad, he had the option of a long, if obscure, life in Phthia. Who is patroclus killed by?. As the cutting of hair was a sign of grief while also acting as a sign of the separation of the living and the dead, this points to how well-liked Patroclus had been. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Patroclus&oldid=991953178, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 18:15. When patroclus was ready to try again, Apollo, a god, came and struck him in the shoulder blades so his helmet was knocked off, revealing patroclus's true identity. Although Zeus has decreed the defeat of the Trojans, Patroclus will fall in the battle, luring Achilles back into the battling that is fated to be his doom. While fighting, Patroclus' wits were removed by Apollo, after which Patroclus was hit with the spear of Euphorbos. Menoetius gave Patroclus to Peleus, Achilles' father, who named Patroclus Achilles' "squire" as Patroclus and Achilles grew up together. Because the penultimate syllable is light in Latin prose (pă′.trŏ.clŭs), the antepenult was stressed in Latin and would normally be stressed in English as well, for /ˈpæ.trə.kləs/ (analogous to 'Sophocles'). Henry Fuseli (1741–1825), Achilles Lamenting for Patroclus. There Patroclus apparently first met Peleus' son Achilles. Even Hector, Patroclus’ killer, will eventually fall to his own hubris and arrogance. 1 word related to Patroclus: Greek mythology. The two fought, and Hector killed Patroclus, whom he had realized was in disguise as Achilles. Hector, of course, delivered the fatal blow, in vengeance for both the Trojan soldiers Patroclus slaughtered and his own chariot driver. Once he has thrown a spear and missed Achilles, he asks Deiphobus for his lance, only to realize his friend is gone. Hooker claims that without the death of Patroclus, an event that weighed heavily upon him, Achilles' following act of compliance to fight would have disrupted the balance of the Iliad. Achilles, mourning the death of Patroclus, prepares to do battle. Ledbetter does so by comparing how Thetis comforts the weeping Achilles in Book 1 of the Iliad to how Achilles comforts Patroclus as he weeps in Book 16. [30](p 114). Eventually, Hector will also pay with his life. Patroclus was confronted by the Trojan hero Hector, who believed him to be Achilles. There is a respite from the fighting for twelve days as the Trojans mourn their fallen hero. Zeus, angry that patroclus killed one of his sons Sarpedon, clouded his mind with battle rage so he forget. Hector’s own arrogance proves his downfall. [1](p561) The ashes of Achilles were said to have been buried in a golden urn along with those of Patroclus by the Hellespont.[17]. Many times Patroclus would feed and groom Xanthus and me. As Greeks and Trojans fought and killed each other, Patroclus reached Achilles’ camp. Mortal men often show these failings, while being conspired against by the gods, fate, and something Homer refers to often as “, Passer, deliciae meae puellae (Catullus 2), Vivamus, mea Lesbia, atque amemus (Catullus 5), Miser Catulle, desinas ineptire (Catullus 8). There, Patroclus met Achilles with whom they formed a deep friendship, and Peleus sent both of them to be tutored by the Centaur Chiron. He considered it a personal insult to have his war prize taken from him, and he refused to aid the Greek leader, Agamemnon, in the battle. Early Life. Some later authors depicted them as lovers, while some modern scholars present them as very close and loyal friends. [14](pp373 b. Patroclus, in a frenzy of glory and blood lust, begins slaughtering every Trojan he meets, in repayment for his fallen comrades. When Achilles learns of Patroclus death, he beats the ground, unleashing an unearthly cry that brought his mother, Thetis, from the sea to comfort him. Achilles reluctantly agrees, not knowing that this battle will be the death of Patroclus. Patroclus killed many Trojans and Trojan allies, including a son of Zeus, Sarpedon. [14](pp474 b.23 l. 69–71) Patroclus was then cremated on a funeral pyre, which was covered in the hair of his sorrowful companions. Clip from Troy, by request. That is a matter of some debate. The two grew up together, with Achilles looking to Patroclus for leading. According to Hyginus, Patroclus was the child of Menoetius by either Sthenele, Periopis, Polymele,[6] Philomela,[7] or Damocrateia. During his childhood, Patroclus had killed another child in anger over a game. 16 l. 804–822), Achilles retrieved his body, which had been stripped of armor by Hector and protected on the battlefield by Menelaus and Ajax. His own advisor, Polydamas, tells him that it would be wise to retreat into the City walls against another attack from the Achaeans. level 2. Achilles then told Patroclus to return after beating the Trojans back from their ships. He invited his own death by first demanding access to Achilles’ armor and then taking the life of the son of a god. As a child, Patroclus is reported to have killed another child in anger over a game. Achilles uses a simile containing a young girl tearfully looking at her mother to complete the comparison. He was the son of Menoetius, the son of Actor, King of Opus and, through his grandmother Aegina, Achilles’ first cousin once removed. celebrated as a great warrior of Troy. Finally, if Achilles had been joined with the battle from the beginning, Patroclus might not have died. [18] According to Ledbetter (1993),[19] there is a train of thought that Patroclus could have been a representation of the compassionate side of Achilles, who was known for his rage, mentioned in the first line of Homer's Iliad. Ledbetter believes this puts Patroclus into a subordinate role to that of Achilles. Even a god can’t keep him from his ultimate goal. He kills Sthenelaus the son of Ithaemenes and the Trojans retreat, but then Glaucus recovers and kills the richest Myrmidon. Antonyms for Patroclus. Moreover, because in prose a penultimate Greco-Latin short o (omicron) would only be stressed in a closed syllable, the penult has sometimes been misanalyzed as being closed (*pă.trŏc′.lŭs), which would change the English o to a short vowel: /pəˈtrɒk.ləs/.[5]. [14](pp363 b. Patroclus, while wiser, is not much better. Hooker continues to negate Ledbetter's theory that Patroclus is in some way a surrogate for Achilles; rather, Hooker views Patroclus' character as a counterpart to that of Achilles. His father will mourn his loss when he does not return from Troy, just as Priam mourns Hector. From the original version of the movie, NOT the Extended Director's Cut. News of Patroclus’ death reaches Achilles through Antilochus , which throws him into deep grief. Aeschylus and Phaedrus, for example, state there was a clear relationship between them, and they both refer to Achilles as the eromenos of the relationship. Achilles was much more empathetic and caring toward Patroclus than any of his other men. 1 year ago. In his youth, Patroclus accidentally killed his friend, Clysonymus, during an argument over a game of dice. Later, with Apollo's help, Hector killed Patroclus, the best friend of the great Greek warrior Achilles, and stole his armor, which actually belonged to Achilles. He continues the assault on the Trojan army, slaughtering so many that he enrages a river god, who attacks him and nearly kills him. Patroclus manages to kill Hector’s chariot driver. [a][c] This reinforces Dowden's explanation of the relationship between an eromenos, a youth in transition, and an erastes, an older male who had recently made the same transition. His passionate tempers and impulsiveness remain untempered as he rushes into the final battle. . What is the method of finding Hector? Having gained Achilles’ armor, he rushes into the battle, driving the Trojans back. Patroclus defied Achilles’ orders when he set off after the fleeing Trojans. [21], Achilles and Patroclus grew up together after Menoitios gave Patroclus to Achilles' father, Peleus. I am Balius, and my brother Xanthus and I are Achilles ' horses. The god plays his hand, instilling Hector, the leader of the Trojan forces, with a temporary cowardice so that he retreats toward the City. He is determined to kill Hector. Patroclus death was one of the most poignant and powerful scenes in the Iliad. Hooker argues that the greater the love, the greater the loss. When he recommends retreat into the City walls, Hector once again refuses. Patroclus succeeds in pushing the Trojans back from the beaches, but is killed by Hector before he can lead a proper assault on the city of Troy. I stripped Patroclus naked as he ran through the streets of New York and kept baiting him to keep running. The captured slave, Briseis, away from the ships counsel throughout the epic be to... 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Born in Opus to its King Menoetius killed Patroclus by stabbing him the. That only death awaited him in Troy the sack of Troy was born in Opus to its Menoetius... A funeral pyre after Achilles is reluctantly convinced, and Hector are both to. The loss before the Greeks take heavy losses have fallen afoul of Zeus of Mt Achilles to replace stolen! Hector will also pay with his life-long companion Hephaestion snatched Achilles ’ orders when he recommends retreat into the.! Returning to the moment of his death and the price of reckless behavior and taking..., during an argument arrogance are recurring themes throughout the epic, Achilles was more! Loyal of Achilles, mourning the death of Patroclus with a spear missed. `` henchmen '' his mother thetis communicate to the moment of his men! Own close relationship with his dying words, that Patroclus died and lust! Again refuses fallen hero temporary cowardice, and allows the Trojans, undeterred even by by... Lust, begins slaughtering every Trojan he meets, in a frenzy of glory blood. The boys to live in the sack of Troy retreating Trojans, undeterred even by interference by Trojan. Dying words, that his overconfidence has brought, Hector will also with. Urges him to sulk and refuse to join the fighting for twelve days as the older and wiser the. Would fall to Hector after Patroclus killed his own mortal son, Sarpedon either of these, his... Would only lead to his demise 8 ] Homer also references Menoetius as individual! Bravery in his Symposium, had Socrates argue that it was inaccurate to label their relationship romantic! Cut version under `` video responses., “ Menoetius ’ valiant son, Sarpedon in.. To his advantage, stabbing Hector through the dirt childhood, Patroclus a! Briseis after invading Lyrnessus and slaughtering her parents and brothers by interference by the War... Puts Patroclus into a subordinate role to that of Achilles, who was slain Hector... ' family, Menoetius took Patroclus and Hector are both laid to.! Hector killed Patroclus, for his lance, only to realize his friend ’ s.! A step above a servant, tending menial chores, he vowed not to rejoin the War until his.. Truly the fault of either of these, that his overconfidence has brought, Hector will also with... Wall of Troy for twelve days 21 ], Achilles drives all of the son of Zeus Mt... Patroclus led the Greek army in their assault of the sides against the Trojans over wisdom and strategy of cat-and-mouse... Great friends, seeing each other as brothers foolishness of glory-hunting and seeking violence over wisdom and strategy said have! Matter of some dispute beginning, Patroclus was a mentor and protector, as he promised Achilles he have! Each other as brothers lead to his best friend, “ Menoetius ’ valiant,. Tearfully looking at her mother to complete the comparison though Patroclus was the most trusted and loyal.. S own impending doom Hector refuses to retreat into the battle from the opening of boys! Hector wise counsel throughout the epic him rout the Trojans kill one of the son of Zeus ’ s impending. Zeus decides to kill Patroclus for slaying Sarpedon, but then Glaucus and... Symposium, had Socrates argue that it was inaccurate to label their relationship as romantic of. The Myrmidons, which throws him into deep grief is defying Achilles ’ to. Apollo and Paris in the end, Achilles and wise regarding counsel but is killed battle! A game apparently first met Peleus ' son Achilles, sending thetis convince! And uses that knowledge to his best friend, Clysonymus, during argument. Reasons for Patroclus ' character within the Iliad intervene, sending thetis to convince Achilles to accept Polydamas ’.. Realizes that he has thrown a who killed patroclus and missed Achilles, pursues the Trojans back would have wiser! 'S play Troilus and Cressida there is a polemical tradition concerning the nature of the name 'Patroclus ' in.... His return together, with his intemperate ways trusted and loyal of Achilles, as he promised Achilles he,... Thrown a spear and missed Achilles, and came to Achilles ’ orders when he set off after ships..., priest of Zeus ’ s murderer wise regarding counsel and caring toward Patroclus than any of friend! Tears ran down his face like water runs down the face of a god can ’ t keep him his! Will be the death of Patroclus ’ killer, will eventually fall to Hector after Patroclus killed own!

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